03/12/2018 by

Pelvic pain refers to the discomfort and pain you may feel in the lower abdominal area of your body. The pain may not be contained there, but can in fact radiate into your lower back, buttocks and thighs, depending on the cause or source of the pain. Pelvic pain in women is most often traced to the reproductive system, digestive system, urinary system or musculoskeletal system. Pelvic pain should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by a physician  for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan as it may be a symptom or sign of a serious illness or condition.

Symptoms that fall under pelvic pain vary a great deal because there are so many possible sources of this symptom and several body systems to check. Pain may be:

  • Dull or sharp
  • Intermittent or constant
  • Mild, moderate or severe
  • Localized — that is, in one specific area, as opposed to radiating pain
  • Sudden, built over time, acute, sharp or constant — constant pain is referred to as chronic pain, which is pain that has been present for at least 12 weeks or several months
  • Present only with certain movements or situations, such as pelvic pain during sex
  • Described as pelvic cramps

In the event that the pain is acute and persistent, you should make an appointment to see your local gynecologist in NYC or gyn doctor right away.

Gynecologist Dr. Bral of Manhattan Women’s Health & Wellness offer a comprehensive Obstetrics & Gynecology care in NYC for women of all ages. At our obgyn clinic of we provide a full range of gynecology services, from annual check-ups and routine pap smears to Pelvic Pain treatment and gyn procedures, surgeries performed in our office or in the hospital. Our state of the art gynecology NYC facility equipped with a latest obgyn equipment.

What Causes Pelvic Pain?

Since pelvic pain can stem from one of several systems, there are a variety of causes, usually narrowed down by pain type, including:

  • Appendicitis, which is typically felt on your right side
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Kidney stones
  • Prostatitis
  • Urinary tract
  • Colon cancer
  • Chronic constipation
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Diverticulitis
  • Painful bladder syndrome
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Pelvic floor muscle spasms
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Past physical trauma or abuse, sometimes resulting in pubic bone pain which is common with sports injuries
  • Past sexual abuse

Female Pelvic Pain

A woman may experience pelvic pain that is derived from the reproductive system. It can stem from:

  • Adenomyosis, which is when cells from the uterine wall begin growing within the uterine muscle itself, continuing to grow, break down and shed every month, causing pain and periods that are heavy and painful
  • Endometriosis, which is when cells from the uterine wall, called the endometrium, begin to grow on the outside of the uterine wall. This often is very painful. It can also impact other organs, such as your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissues of your pelvic area.
  • Menstrual cramps, which can present as sharp pain in vaginal area
  • Tubal pregnancy, is a common cause of pelvic pain during pregnancy and happens when a fetus begins developing in your fallopian tubes
  • Ovulation pains, which differ from appendicitis pains; this is often felt as lower left abdominal pain in women, as opposed to the pains on the right felt with appendicitis
  • Ovarian cysts or cancer
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a sexually transmitted bacterium that spreads from your vagina into the female reproductive organs; PID is often present without symptoms
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Vulvodynia, or chronic vaginal pain without a clear root cause
  • Vaginitis, an inflammation of your vagina that can be caused by a viral infection, an STD or a yeast infection
  • Vaginismus, whereby anything that enters the vagina causes pain, even when trying to use a tampon or during a medical exam